The Sergeant and the Indian soldier

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Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free. The vast majority of these records are currently held by the British Library. East India Company Army — before the formation of the Indian Army, the East India Company raised and maintained its own army which consisted of both indigenous Indian and European troops.

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Indian Army — formed in , the Indian Army, before also referred to as the British Indian Army, fought in both world wars. Many records held at The National Archives are available online, some of them on partner websites, others on our own website. See the records in other archives and organisations below for more online records.

The army in India during British rule

The original records are held in series WO See below for advice on searching for the war diaries from the same series of units that served elsewhere in the world during the war. As well as the records listed here, we hold a set of published Indian Army Lists — more details below , though these records are not exclusive to The National Archives. Search online by name for service and pension records of soldiers who served with the East India Company Army or the British Indian Army on Findmypast.

The original records are held at the British Library. These also include records of the Honourable East India Company. Search the India Office Family History Search database for births, baptisms, marriages and deaths of mainly European people in India from about to For quick pointers Tuesday to Saturday to Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. Patented textile pattern by Christopher Dresser. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.

Skip to Main Content. Search our website Search our records. How to look for records of Indian Army personnel How can I view the records covered in this guide? Departmental records found in Part I of RG provide additional information about Indian Scouts such as letters and reports on various expeditions during this period.

Army post records found in Part V of RG also provide additional sources on scouts. In some cases you will find series containing Indian Scout morning reports, descriptive books, enlistment papers, returns, and clothing accounts. Pension files are an excellent source of information on Indian Scouts, not only about the scout, but also about his family and others with whom he may have served or who knew him or his wife. Indian Scouts and their widows became eligible for pensions with the passage of an act on March 4, , relating to Indian wars from to Indexes relating to Indian Scouts are found on rolls and This publication is arranged alphabetically.

In T the pension numbers for Indian Scouts are usually located at the bottom of the index card and not in the middle as is usual. Although most of these pensions have a number, they are not found in the Civil War and later pension files but rather are located in the Indians War series of pensions, which are arranged alphabetically. A good example of a pension supplying abundant genealogical information on several people is the file for Holy Bear, the widow of Indian Scout Little Bull. The pension file contains several depositions from people supporting her claim. In the deposition dated May 21, , Holy Bear, a member of the Oglala Sioux tribe, states that, "My age is 72 or 73 years.

She was also with him when he died during the spring or summer of Holy Bear also provides information about her family.

She also points out that she is called Holy Bear No. He stated, "I am now pensioned as an Indian Scout. I had three enlistments. Pension application files can provide excellent genealogical information. In this deposition, Holy Bear, the widow of Indian Scout Little Bull, provides the names of her parents and those of her son and grand daughter. Interesting testimony was also provided by William Garnett, the man who interpreted for Holy Bear during her deposition with the special examiner from the Bureau of Pensions.

He was 68 years old and claimed he was an interpreter at the Pine Ridge Indian Agency. He had been an interpreter since and stated, "I was an interpreter for the U. Army officers during the Cheyenne and Sioux Indian Campaigns of , , and Joseph Red Shirt stated that he was 77 years old and a member of the Oglala Sioux tribe.

He also pointed out, "I have been Chief of my tribe since I served as an Indian Scout under the name of Yellow Shirt during my first service. My name was interpreted wrong by the interpreter when I enlisted.

Indian Army Sergeant Salaries

I served as Sergt. In Co. B, from October 27, to January 31, Then under my own name, Red Shirt, as Corpl. Again under my name, Red Shirt, as Corpl. Sometimes index cards for Indian Scouts bearing the same name are cross referenced, but many times they are not. In the T index, claimants with the same name are often cross—referenced. This series relates to both Indian service and non—Native American service, and several files relate to Indian Scouts.

Some are copies of muster rolls for different detachments of Indian Scouts, and one useful file provides a list of "Scouts Who Died While in the Service. Military Veterans, — M is arranged alphabetically, but the Native Americans are grouped under the "I" section under "Indian Scouts," which is found on roll The headstone applications are arranged alphabetically within the Indian Scout section. In addition, you will also find Native Americans who served in Company I or Troop L of the infantry and cavalry regiments during the s. One particularly informative file in Record Group 15 provides lists of Indian Scouts who died in service including their names and dates, places, and causes of death.

The headstone applications sometimes provide additional information such as enlistment and discharge information. Army, and died on May 20, At the top of the card you will find that he enlisted on April 15, , and was discharged June 30, Also at the top of the card is a typed note showing that his widow, All White, was drawing a pension.


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You might also note that although Red Fox died in , a headstone was not applied for until In some rare cases, a reference to a pension can be found, as in the headstone application for Kayitah or Kaytah. The headstone application, submitted in , shows that he was a private in Company E, Indian Scouts, U. The card also shows that he enlisted on July 7, , and was discharged on October 25, Of importance to genealogists is a typed notation "SC ," which is his pension file number.

More information on burial and headstones before may be found in the quartermaster document file found in entry 89, General Correspondence, —, in Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, RG To locate the appropriate document file number, first consult the name and subject index found in entry In some cases you can find a headstone application such as the one submitted by Indian Agent, G.

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An accompanying letter, in the file with the application, is from the at—large member of Congress from North Dakota, who stresses that most of the men are Arikara Indians who served in the Indian Wars. In Records of U. Regular Army Mobile Units, —, RG , entries through contain several series relating to Indian Scouts: descriptive books for Companies A, B, C, and F, —; descriptive lists for a battalion consisting of Companies A, B, C, and D, —; muster rolls, —; descriptive rolls of Warm Spring and Chiricahua Apache Indian Bands, —; and a descriptive book for a detachment of Seminole Indian scouts, — The descriptive books contain rolls and lists of noncommissioned officers, men discharged, and deaths.

Other series include letters sent and register of letter received by Company A and letters and telegrams sent by Company C. Bloody Knife, one of Lt. George A. Several Indian Scouts were awarded the Medal of Honor.

Officer ranks in Indian Army, Air Force and Navy

For a list of Indian Scouts who were awarded the Medal of Honor, including the related file citations, see the sidebar accompanying this article. Army also hired scouts. When researching scouts hired by the U. This series contains records relating to Army quartermasters who hired individuals for specific jobs such as scouts, guides, and interpreters and includes records relating to both Native Americans and non—Indians.

Most Native Americans who were hired by the Army were used as scouts. Records relating to leaders of various scouts are also found in this series such as Al Sieber, chief of the Apache scouts, and Frank North, who led the Pawnee scouts. Some famous guides of Western lore are also present in the records, such as J. This series is arranged by name of scout. A finding aid that lists the names of scouts in this index, along with the corresponding file citations, is located in the Finding Aids Room at the National Archives Building in Washington, D.

War Department General Order No. The order stipulated that Company I of Infantry Regiments excluding the 24th and 25th and Company L of Cavalry Regiments excluding the 9th and 10th would contain Indian soldiers.

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Each existing regiment of cavalry and infantry, except the Buffalo Soldiers black regiments , would contain one Indian Regiment. A maximum of 55 Indians were authorized for each company or troop. This change was not well received by the Army, and although the general order authorized a maximum of 1, Indians for Regular Army service, the actual number of recruits only reached a little over half that number at